Spicy peppers are a great way to add flavor, color, and heat to any culinary creations. Spicy peppers range in their heat levels and are rated on a Scoville scale. Scoville scale was invented by a scientist named Wilbur Scoville. He would ground up peppers and mix it with sugar water, then have a panel of tasters try the solution. Bit by bit he would dilute the solution with more sugar water till no spiciness was detected. The amount of sugar water needed for this dilution is the number assigned in Scoville heat units. The higher number needed for dilution, the spicer the pepper! This is basically measuring the concentration of capsaicin (the stuff that makes peppers hot).
Plant in full sun with rich, well draining soil, and fertilize on a regular schedule. Water evenly but remember most hot pepper prefer drier soils. The heat of a pepper has a lot to do with the way they are grown. Stressing the plants once plants are established is a sure way to guarantee hot peppers. You can do this by limiting watering or snapping off a few leaves once peppers are set. Always be careful when handling hot peppers and seeds, as touching your face can cause burning and pain. Hot peppers can be damaged by frost, so wait to plant outside till risk of frost is low. Hot peppers can take a long time to reach maturity and can be tricky to germinate, so we suggest buying already started plants!